State of play in the digitalisation of building permit digitalisation in Estonia, Finland, Germany, the UK, and Spain
Estonia also has an online building permitting system for PDF or IFC-based submission, which all municipalities use. The building permit process includes 47 automatic checks against the Building Code. In the future, in addition to automated rule checking, technical data about the building will be extracted from the IFC model and sent to the building permit application automatically.
The UK has conducted research on developing building permitting, but currently, the process has a low level of digitalisation. Most local authorities operate and prefer submission via online portals, but paper-based applications are allowed.
In Spain, documents are submitted only in PDF or DWG format and no cases on digital BIM/GIS based permitting or compliance checking exist.